Cholula is one of the most important Magic Towns of the country because it is the oldest city in America. It was founded, approximately in 500 BC by Toltec culture from Tula, one of the most advanced and cultured pre-Hispanic civilizations that developed in the national territory. The most important Toltec heritage in Cholula is the Great Pyramid, with 400 meters of base per side, it is the largest pyramid in the world.
This city is located 45 minutes away from Puebla and near the imposing Popocatépetl volcano, which can be seen from a large distance.
After the Spanish conquest, Cholula became a religious city that stands out for its crafts, especially in pottery of red mud and talavera, as well as onyx and marble, among other stones, which are obtained in the Tepeaca and Tecali de Herrera deposits, and the famous “trees of life” that constitute a manifestation of popular art rich in details and symbolism.
It is also nationally recognized the manufacture of pyrotechnic articles, such as toritos, fire waterfalls, and castles for religious festivities. It is said that in Cholula there are so many churches and temples that it is possible to visit one every day of the year.
The state of Puebla has played an important role in different historical periods of the Mexican country. It was allied to Teotihuacán during its apogee and, during the viceroyal era, the city of Puebla became the most important city of the New Spain due to its location between Mexico City and the port of Veracruz.
The Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl volcanoes occupy the second and third positions in the elevation national scale, so that they are covered with snow throughout the year, offering beautiful views from any perspective. Puebla also owns the smallest volcano in the world, the “Cuexcomate” of the Nahuatl “cuexcomatl” which means “clay pot or place to store”.
Among the most representative natural species of this state with semi-desert climate are maguey and numerous fruit trees; as well as wild animals such as squirrels, armadillos, cacomiztles, rabbits, coyotes, hares, bats, tlacuaches, tuzas, foxes, skunks, owls, lizards, rattlesnakes, centipedes, and buzzards.
Among the most important popular traditions of Puebla, which have also been declared Cultural Heritage by Unesco, is the Huey Atlixcáyotl, which is a cultural festival that takes place on the hill of San Miguel, in the municipality of Atlixco, the last Sunday in September of each year. Another important festivity is “The Huipil and Coffee Fair” held in Cuetzalan on October 4th.
The gastronomic culture of Puebla is one of the richest and most characteristic of Mexico. Some of the typical dishes are the mole poblano, chiles en nogada, mole de caderas, chalupas, cemitas, and tamales. Also, you can try the “pasita”, a drink based on raisin liqueur, which is accompanied with a piece of cheese and raisins. There is also an immense variety of sweets such as sweet potato, jamoncillo, pralines, candied fruits, and muéganos.
Puebla has an impressive architectural heritage ranging from impressive works of Baroque style to modern skyscrapers in the state capital.